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Before lenders make the decision to give you a loan, they need to know that you're willing and able to pay back that loan. To understand whether you can pay back the loan, they look at your income and debt ratio. To assess your willingness to repay, they use your credit score.
Fair Isaac and Company built the first FICO score to assess creditworthiness. For details on FICO, read more here.
Credit scores only consider the info in your credit profile. They don't consider income or personal characteristics. These scores were invented specifically for this reason. "Profiling" was as bad a word when these scores were invented as it is now. Credit scoring was envisioned as a way to assess a borrower's willingness to pay without considering other irrelevant factors.
Past delinquencies, derogatory payment behavior, current debt level, length of credit history, types of credit and the number of credit inquiries are all considered in credit scores. Your score considers positive and negative items in your credit report. Late payments lower your score, but consistently making future payments on time will raise your score.
Your credit report must have at least one account which has been open for six months or more, and at least one account that has been updated in the past six months for you to get a credit score. This payment history ensures that there is enough information in your credit to calculate a score. Should you not meet the minimum criteria for getting a credit score, you might need to work on your credit history prior to applying for a mortgage.
Mortgage Affiliates of America, Inc. can answer questions about credit reports and many others. Give us a call at 203-730-4070.
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